Uterine fibroids are tumors that arise from the smooth muscle of the uterus. They normally grow during a woman’s childbearing years. It is not clear what causes fibroids. Factors that may contribute to them include a family history of fibroids or ovaries that produce an abundance of estrogen or progesterone. Most fibroids are benign and it is possible to have multiple fibroids in the uterus at one time. They also vary in size ranging from the size of a pea to that of a volleyball.
Types of Fibroids
Fibroids are categorized by their locations in the uterus.
- Submucosal- grow in the uterus
- Intramural- grow within the wall of the uterus
- Subserosal- grow on the outside of the uterus
Uterine fibroids can cause the following symptoms; however, not all women may experience them:
- Heavy menstrual cycles
- Bleeding between cycles
- Pressure in lower abdomen
- Lower back pain
- Pain during intercourse
- Frequent urination
Laparoscopic surgery can remove fibroids from the uterus.