Myth: The vaccine can give me coronavirus.
Fact: None of the vaccines contain coronavirus, so this isn’t possible.
The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines cause your body to make antibodies that stop the coronavirus from invading cells. Johnson and Johnson uses the virus that causes the common cold to spark an immune response. The parts of the cold virus that make you sick have been removed.
Myth: I can’t get the vaccine due to preexisting conditions.
Fact: The vaccines were studied and proven safe for patients with comorbidities like diabetes and heart disease. Because they are not live vaccines, they are safe for immunocompromised patients.
It is especially important for patients with comorbidities or weakened immune systems to get the vaccine because they are at higher risk for serious illness or death from COVID-19. If you have questions about how the vaccines relate to your personal health, talk to your health care provider.
Myth: I already had coronavirus, so I can’t or don’t need to be vaccinated.
Fact: Studies show the vaccine is safe for people who had the virus and that it causes a robust immune response. It is unknown how durable the antibodies are in a person who recovered from the virus, so the safest choice is to get the vaccine.
Myth: One dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine is enough.
Fact: While one shot provides some protection, two doses are needed for full effectiveness. For the Pfizer vaccine, the second dose is given 21 days after the first. Moderna’s second dose is at day 28. The Johnson & Johnson product is a one-dose vaccine.
Myth: I should hold out for a specific vaccine.
Fact: The best vaccine is the one you have access to. All of the vaccines were proven safe through rigorous testing, and they are all highly effective at preventing hospitalization and death.
Myth: The vaccines cause infertility.
Fact: This arose from reports that a protein in the virus is similar to a protein in the placenta. There is no study or scientific evidence showing a link between vaccination and infertility.
Myth: It’s OK to wait and see what happens before getting my vaccine.
Fact: If you aren’t vaccinated, you are still at risk of COVID-19 and of infecting others. That means you can become seriously ill or cause someone else to become seriously ill.
Experts say 70 percent of the population must be vaccinated before the virus will be considered manageable and life can begin to safely return to normal.
Myth: After I’m vaccinated I can stop taking precautions.
Fact: You should continue with wearing a facemask, social distancing and good hand hygiene after you are vaccinated. Getting the vaccine protects you from coronavirus, but it’s possible you could be exposed and infect someone else.